Vol. 22, issue 07, article # 11

Kadygrov E. N. Microwave radiometry of atmospheric boundary layer: method, equipment, and applications. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2009. V. 22. No. 07. P. 697-704 [in Russian].
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Results of development of the microwave remote sensing method and technique for atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) temperature profile measurement conducted from 1993 to 2008 are presented. Method is based on the use of a scanning single wavelength of 5 mm (60 GHz) microwave radiometer to measure vertical temperature profiles up to 1000 m. Theoretical analyses of the scanning radiometer system are conducted, as well as results of comparison with in situ observations are presented. During the last 15 years microwave temperature profilers (MTP-5) were successfully used for identification of Moscow city heat island, for study of the ABL thermal regime in mountains, in arid regions, during total solar eclipses, in Antarctica, in several scientific field expeditions.


microwave radiometer; atmospheric boundary layer; temperature stratification