Correlations are analyzed of the tropospheric, low stratospheric, and ionospheric properties with the characteristics of geomagnetic activity. Their dependence on the solar and geomagnetic activity at the boundaries of the atmospheric centers of action is being considered as well. Significant correlation of the ground level pressure with the geomagnetic activity has been found. It is shown that the sign of this correlation alternates in different seasons. The temperature in the troposphere and low stratosphere varies in accordance with the near-midnight bottom height of the ionospheric F-region. Variations of the latter parameter are closely related to variations in the horizontal component and declination of the geomagnetic field at their diurnal peaks. The obtained relations may be used for the long-term and short-term weather forecasts in Russian Northeast.