This paper presents a detailed analysis of the Raman lidar technique for remote sensing of atmospheric emissions from stacks. Analysis made in the paper allows a more correct measurement technique to be proposed. A possibility of measuring simultaneously with the pollutants number densities the emission jet outflow velocity and temperature is shown. This enables one to estimate the gross yields of pollutants at a stack mouth. Thus extended capabilities of the Raman lidar technique are illustrated with experimental results obtained at the West Siberian Steel Production Plant in Novokuznetsk.
1. E.D. Hinkley, ed., Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere (Springer–Verlag, Berlin–New York–Heidelberg, 1976).
2. T. Kobayashi, Remote Sensing Rev. 3, 1–56 (1987).
3. D. Leonard, Nature 216, 142 (1967).
4. J. Cooney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 40 (1968).
5. S.H. Melfi, J.D. Lawrence, Jr., and M.P. McCormic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 295 (1969).
6. T. Kobayashi and H. Inaba, in: Abstracts of Reports at the 11th Symposium of Electron, Ion, and Laser Beam Technology, ed. by R.F.M. Thornley, San Francisco Press (1971), p. 385.
7. T. Hirsehfeld, E.R. Schildkraut, H. Tannenbaum, and D. Tannenbaum, Apll. Phys. Lett. 22, 38 (1973).
8. S. Nakahara, et. al., Opto–electronics 4, 169 (1972).
9. Yu.F. Arshinov and S.A. Danichkin, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Fiz. Atmos. Oceana 11, No. 4, 414–416 (1975).
10. V.E. Zuev, B.V. Kaul', et al., Laser Sounding of Industrial Aerosols (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1986), 186 pp.