Vol. 29, issue 04, article # 5

Afanas'ev A. L., Banakh V. A., Rostov A. P. Estimation of integral wind velocity and turbulence in the atmosphere from distortions of optical images of naturally illuminated objects. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2016. V. 29. No. 04. P. 285–293. DOI: 10.15372/AOO20160405 [in Russian].
Copy the reference to clipboard

Simultaneous crosswind and strength of atmospheric turbulence are estimated by the classical laser scintillation method and passive optical method from analysis of the light scattered by a natural or man-made topographic objects in natural daylight illumination conditions. The passive sensing method does not require artificial light sources a consists in the formation of incoherent images of topographic objects in the natural sunlight and analysis of image distortions induced by turbulence between the object and the plane of observation. The estimates of integral crosswind and index of refraction structure constant of air were compared in atmospheric experiments at the same measuring optical path by both methods. The comparison with lidar data was made. Optical measurements of integral characteristics were accompanied by independent local acoustic measurements using a sonic anemometer.


wind velocity, turbulence, optical imaging, spatio-temporal correlation


  1. Smalikho I.N., Banakh V.A. Estimation of aircraft wake vortex parameters from data measured with 1.5 mm coherent Doppler lidar // Opt. Lett. 2015. V. 40, N 14. P. 3408–3411.
  2. Smalikho I.N., Banakh V.A., Holzäpfel F., Rahm S. Method of radial velocities for the estimation of aircraft wake vortex parameters from data measured by coherent Doppler lidar // Opt. Express. 2015. V. 23, N 19. P. A1194–A1207.
  3. Banakh V.A., Smalikho I.N., Falits A.V. Lidar investigation of the atmospheric boundary layer dynamics in the coastal zone of Lake Baikal // Proc. SPIE. 2015. V. 9680. P. 968039-1–968039-5.
  4. Smalikho I.N., Banakh V.A. Estimation of aircraft wake vortex parameters from data measured by a Stream Line lidar // Proc. SPIE. 2015. V. 9680. P. 968037-1–968037-7.
  5. Smaliho I.N., Banah V.A., Holzäpfel F., Rahm S. Ocenivanie parametrov samoletnyh vihrej iz massiva radial'nyh skorostej, izmerennyh kogerentnym doplerovskim lidarom // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2015. V. 28, N 8. P. 742–750.
  6. Banakh V.A., Smalikho I.N. Aircraft wake vortex parametrization based on 1.5 mm coherent Doppler lidar data // Proc. 27th Int. Laser Radar Conf. 5–10 July, 2015. New York, USA. Abstracts. P. PS-B2.0201–PS-B2.0204.
  7. Banakh V.A., Smalikho I.N., Rahm S. Estimation of refractive index structure characteristic of air from coherent Doppler wind lidar data // Opt. Lett. 2014. V. 39, N 15. P. 4321–4324.
  8. Banakh V.A., Smalikho I.N., Rahm S. Determination of the optical turbulence intensity from data measured by a coherent Doppler lidar // Proc. SPIE. 2014. V. 9292. DOI: 10.1117/12.2074238.
  9. Lawrence R.S., Ochs G.R., Clifford S.F. Use of scintillations to measure average wind across a light beam // Appl. Opt. 1972. V. 11, N 2. P. 239–243.
  10. Wang T.-I., Ochs G.R., Lawrence S. Wind measurements by the temporal cross-correlation of the optical scintillations // Appl. Opt. 1981. V. 20, N 23. P. 4073–4081.
  11. Afanas'ev A.L., Banah V.A., Rostov A.P. Opredelenie skorosti vetra v atmosfere po turbulentnym iskazhenijam videoizobrazhenij lazernogo puchka // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2010. V. 23, N 8. P. 723–729; Аfаnаs’еv А.L., Bаnаkh V.А., Rоstоv А.P. Estimate of wind velocity in the atmosphere based on analysis of turbulent distortions of laser beam images registered by video camera // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2011. V. 24, N 1. P. 88–94.
  12. Shapira J., Porat O., Livneh M., Wies Z., Heflinger D., Fastig S., Glik Y., Engel A. Atmospheric cross wind and turbulence measurements using turbulence-induced scintillations // Proc. SPIE. 2010. V. 7684. P. 7684L1-1–7684L1-11.
  13. BLS2000 Large Aperture Scintillometer for Very Long Paths. 2012. URL: www.scintec.com
  14. Roopashree M.B., Akondi Vyas, Raghavendra Prasad B. A review of atmospheric wind speed measurement techniques with shack Hartmann wavefront imaging sensor in adaptive optics // J. Indian Inst. Sci. 2013. V. 93, N 1. P. 67–84.
  15. Peskoff A. Theory for remote sensing of wind-velocity profiles // Proc. IEEE. 1971. V. 59. P. 324.
  16. Banakh V.A., Marakasov D.A. Wind profling based on the optical beam intensity statistics in a turbulent atmosphere // J. Opt. Soc. Amer. А. 2007. V. 24, N 10. P. 3245–3254.
  17. Banakh V.A., Marakasov D.A. Wind profile recovery from intensity fluctuations of a laser beam reflected in a turbulent atmosphere // Quantum Electron. 2008. V. 38, N 4. P. 404–408.
  18. Afanas'ev A.L., Banah V.A., Rostov A.P. Vejvlet profilirovanie skorosti vetra po fluktuacijam intensivnosti lazernogo puchka, rasprostranjajushhegosja v atmosfere // Optika i spektroskopija. 2008. V. 105, N 4. P. 698–705.
  19. Clifford S.F., Ochs G.R., Wang T.-I. Optical wind sensing by observing the scintillations of a random scene // Appl. Opt. 1975. V. 14, N 12. P. 2844–2850.
  20. Walters D.L. Passive remote crosswind sensor // Appl. Opt. 1977. V. 16, N 10. P. 2625–2626.
  21. Stell M.F., Moore C.l., Burris H.R., Suite M.R., Vilchec M.J., Davis M.A., Mahon R., Oh E., Rabinovich W.S., Gilbreath G.C., Scharpf W.J., Reed A.E. Passive optical monitor for atmospheric turbulence and windspeed // Proc. SPIE. 2004. V. 5160. P. 422–431.
  22. Porat O., Shapira J. Crosswind sensing from optical-turbulence-induced fluctuations measured by a video camera // Appl. Opt. 2010. V. 49, N 28. P. 5236–5244.
  23. Tatarskij V.I. Rasprostranenie voln v turbulentnoj atmosfere. M.: Nauka, 1967. 548 p.
  24. Gurvich A.S., Kon A.I., Mironov V.L., Hmelevcov S.S. Lazernoe izluchenie v turbulentnoj atmosfere. M.: Nauka, 1976. 280 p.
  25. Zuev V.E., Banah V.A., Pokasov V.V. Optika turbulentnoj atmosfery. L.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1988. 270 p.
  26. Rostov A.P., Ivanov A.P., Afanas'ev A.L. Jeksperimental'noe sravnenie trassovogo opticheskogo izmeritelja vozdushnogo potoka s massivom ul'trazvukovyh datchikov v prizemnom sloe atmosfery: Tezisy dokl. // IX Mezhdunar. simp. «Optika atmosfery i okeana. Fizika atmosfery». Томск: ИОА СО РАН, 2002. P. 121.
  27. Rostov A.P. Ul'trazvukovoj anemometr-termometr dlja izmerenija turbulentnyh harakteristik v prizemnom sloe atmosfery // Nauka proizvodstvu. 2003. N 9. P. 44–48.
  28. Banah V.A., Smaliho I.N., Falic A.V., Belan B.D., Arshinov M.Ju., Antohin P.N. Sovmestnye radiozondovye i doplerovskie lidarnye izmerenija vetra v pogranichnom sloe atmosfery // Optika atmosf. i okeana. 2014. V. 27, N 10. P. 911–916; Bаnаkh V.А., Smаlikhо I.N., Fаlits А.V., Bеlаn B.D., Аrshinоv М.Yu., Аntоkhin P.N. Joint radiosonde and Doppler lidar measurements of wind in the atmospheric boundary layer // Atmos. Ocean. Opt. 2015. V. 28, N 2. P. 185–191.