We present here some results of lidar sounding of the ozone and temperature in the troposphere and stratosphere. Using the channels of differential absorption, Rayleigh and Raman light scattering in one lidar complex, we have simultaneously obtained ozone profiles in the altitude range from 13 to 31 km and the temperature profiles in the altitude ranges from 14 to 40 and from 3 to 14 km. Very high ozone content was observed in the layer from 13 to 24 km. Considerable increase of temperature, by 8–10°C was observed at the same altitudes, that, in our opinion, is caused by warming due to the absorption of solar radiation by ozone.
In the lower part of the temperature profile from 3 to 8 km, we have observed the temperature decrease by 10 to 12°C what well agrees with the anticyclonic conditions, when temperature at the ground surface decreased down to –30°C. The experiment we have carried out confirms the justification of the use of lidar instrumentation for investigation of the relations between geophysical parameters of the atmosphere.