Vol. 35, issue 06, article # 9

Semenova A. V., Zavgorodnyaya Yu. A., Chichaeva M. A., Kozlov V. S., Popovicheva O. B. Chemical composition and toxicity of Siberian biomass burning in the Large Aerosol Chamber. // Optika Atmosfery i Okeana. 2022. V. 35. No. 06. P. 486–494. DOI: 10.15372/AOO20220609 [in Russian].
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Physicochemical and toxicological properties of biomass burning are of a big importance for assessment of wildfire impact on environment. However, the data on Siberian wildfires are much limited. The composition of Siberian biomass burning is studied in the Large Aerosol Chamber (LAC) of Institute Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (Tomsk). Here, we present FTIR spectroscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and liquid chromatography experimental data on composition of organic compounds in Siberian pine and forest debris smoke produced at smoldering and flaming phases and due to aging. Markers which allow identifying the combustion conditions and biomass type are established, namely, characteristic absorption bands, ratios of carboxyl and aliphatic functionalities, diagnostic ratios of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Emission factors and carcinogenic risk for smoke PAH are assessed.


biomass burning aerosols, Siberian wildfires, Large Aerosol chamber, flaming, smoldering, organic compound, functional group, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon


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