The paper describes the first results of the tropospheric temperature sounding using a Raman lidar. The temperature is reconstructed from signals on the first vibrational-rotational transition of nitrogen molecules (384 nm) excited by the 353-nm radiation. The latter, in its turn, is the SRS-conversion of the XeCl-laser radiation in a cell filled with hydrogen. The lidar temperature profiles, obtained during the experiment, cover the altitude range from 3 to 14 km and are close to the model temperature distribution. The rms error varies from 5 K at low altitudes to 20 K at 14 km altitude. The accuracy of temperature reconstruction can be easily improved by the increase of the signal accumulation time from 20 min to an hour and more.