A technique for linearization of the inverse problem solution is described, in application to reduction of data on short-wavelength spectral measurements in the atmosphere, aimed at obtaining vertical profiles of the atmospheric optical parameters (optical depth, photon survival probability, scattering phase function). The technique capabilities are illustrated by the data on determination of the optical parameters of a single layer of a multilayer inhomogeneous atmosphere using an iteration method. Rapid solution convergency and possibility of obtaining required accuracy are shown in the paper.
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